Remains of Bridge on Line 25AI’ve loved Google Earth since I first used it, but today I had a real “wow” moment with it. Last Christmas my interest in trains was re-kindled when I took some time to do something I hadn’t done in years, shoot some photographs in and around my native village, Duffel. I got some lovely shots of trains but also came across a very curious artefact. A lump of brick, cement and steel with a sign on it. The sign indicated that this strange lump was all that was left of a railway bridge. I looked around, there was nothing even remotely resembling a railway line, or indeed even the track bed of one. It turns out that most of the track bed was ripped up, and used to build the near-by E19 motorway, which runs between Brussels and Antwerp.

[tags]railway, local history, Google, Google Earth[/tags]

I didn’t think much more about this until I was reading a website about Belgian railway lines that mentioned the now abandoned Line 25A. Why did that catch my eye? Because I know that the line that now runs through Duffel, along which I was shooting trains, is Line 25. As I read the place names I started to recognise them. Hang on, this is very close to home! I fired up Google Earth, and went to zoom in to see the line of the place names to get a rough idea of the route of the track. I didn’t need to zoom in far. The bed of the track, which was completely invisible at ground level, jumped out at me on Google Earth before the place names had even loaded and displayed!

The amount of history that’s visible, plain-as-day, on just the one screen-shot below is astounding. Not only can you clearly see the path of the decades gone Line 25A, you can also see three local fortifications used in the first and second world wars. In the flat Belgian landscapes these forts are very hard to see from the ground, but from Google Earth’s perspective they jump right out at you with their distinctively shaped motes. Can you spot the three forts and Line 25A?

Google Earth View of Line 25A
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If you need a hand here’s a version with the features marked in. BTW, the spot where the path of Line 25A meets the river near the top of the shot, is where I stopped to look at the tiny remnant of bridge. Also, if you look near the bottom left of the frame, you can see the E19, where a lot of the material from the track bed of line 25A was re-used.

Google Earth View of Line 25A, anotated
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You might notice that near the top of the shot the path of Line 25A gets a little lost among new developments. A view zoomed a little further out shows that you can continue to follow it north of the river Nete too. In fact, you can follow it all the way to Kontich, where the E19 joins the remnant of Line 25A and follows it’s path into Antwerp. The screen-shot below shows the full track of Line 25A, from where it leaves Line 25, to where the E19 motorway takes over it’s bedding, just outside Kontich.

Click to Enlarge

Finally, the reason I found the information about Line 25A was because I was looking for a definition of the abbreviations HLE, HLD, and HLR. You see these all over the place on websites related to Belgian trains and railways, but always used without explanation. Today I discovered they’re not actually abbreviations at all, they’re codes! In fact, they date back to the days of Morse Code! This is yet another example of how history can live on. Here’s the full list of related codes I found:

  • HK – train
  • HKV – passenger train (“voyageurs”)
  • HKM – freight train (“marchandises”)
  • HL – locomotive
  • HLD – diesel line locomotive
  • HLE – electric locomotive
  • HLR – diesel shunter
  • HLZ – diesel locomotive

If you’re into this kind of thing you’ll find a full list of the old Morse Codes relating to the Belgian railway system here.